Geologists discover fossils from 13 ancient tree species in Antarctica

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It may be hard to believe, but forests once sprawled across Antarctica. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee geologists recently climbed the slopes of McIntyre Promontory in the Transantarctic Mountains to uncover fossil fragments from 13 trees that greened Antarctica more than 260 million years ago – before the first dinosaurs ever walked the planet.

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3,000-year-old underwater castle discovered in Turkey’s largest lake

Lake Van in Turkey is the country’s biggest lake – but that isn’t its only claim to fame. Van Yüzüncü Yil University archaeologists and a team of divers recently discovered an underwater fortress far below the surface. The ancient nation of Urartu could have built the castle during the Iron Age, around 3,000 years ago.

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